Gross Motor Skills

Children with difficulties in this area may have:


+ Balance problems when walking and standing
+ Difficulty throwing and catching a ball
+ Balance problems when hopping and jumping
+ Balance problems when using apparatus in gymnasics
+ Low muscle tone
+ Balance problems when riding a bike
+ Confidence as speakers and listeners
+ Good verbal comprehension skills

Activities to develop gross motor skills:


Dodgems - Run around in different directions, dodging out of the way of one another. When the word 'change' is called out, change direction.

Stone Cold - Run around in different directions. Each pupil has a number and when this is called out, the pupil must stand still until the next number is called out.

Stepping Stones - Use small hoops as stepping stones; pupils 'cross the water' by jumping from one to the other without falling in.

Hopscotch - Pupils can jump to begin with until they are confident with hopping.

Parachute Games - Choose those games that use large muscle movements; specific individual targets can be incorporated into the activity.

Climbing Activities - Use a range of large apparatus; specific individual targets can be incorporated into the activity.

Balancing Activities - Use a range of both small and large apparatus; specific individual targets can be incorporated into the activity.

Bean-Bag Activities - Paired and team games involving throwing (e.g. to each other, or into a hoop) and balancing; specific individual targets can be incorporated into the activity.

Ball Games - A variety of paired or team games involving rolling, throwing, catching, kicking, dribbling.

Batting Games - A variety of games involving the use of bats, sticks or raquets (rounders, tennis, cricket, football, hockey etc.)

Skipping Activities - Individual, paired and group games (such as salt, mustard, vinegar, pepper).