Visual Discrimination

Children who have difficulties in this area may:

+Be unable to identify shades of colour and texture in pictures
+ Confuse shapes and symbols in mahts
+ Confuse letters, words and objects that look similar
+ Reverse numbers and letters when writing
+ Have problems with learning sight vocabularly
+ Predominantly use phonic strategies when reading
+ Find simple scanning activities difficult (wordsearches, dictionary work, using an index)
+ Have problems with comparative language (taller than, shorter than, longer than)
+ Have difficulty completing jigsaw puzzles
+ Have problems with copying from the board
+ Prefer to use multi-sensory strategies when learning
+ Work with small amounts of visual material at a time
+ Use audio methods for gathering and conveying information

Activities to develop visual discrimination skills:

Sorting - Sort items for colour, shape, size, material and texture.

Silhouettes - a)match a picture or shape to a silhouette, b) match high frequency shapes to a shape outline.

Pairs - Letter or numerical matching using restricted choice a t first. Avoid putting together letters or numerals that are easily confused.

Odd one out - a)Pick the odd one out - object (colour, shape, size, material, texture) b) Pick the odd one out - pictorial (apple, orange, cup, pear).

Spot the difference - a)Search for visual differences in pictures, b)Search for visual differences in similar words (the/she, cat/can).

Match the detail - Match detail of a picture (window) to the part of the picture from which the detail has come (house).

Sentence Bingo - Collect words that match to a sentence strip; pupils read out the sentence when all correct words are collected.

Pelmanism/snap - Use rhyme picture pairs or rhyme word pairs.

Dominoes - Match picture to picture (nouns) or word to word (other words, not nouns).

Ladder Challenge - Challenge pupils to change words in five moves using a ladder card - eg. change net to pat (net, bet, but, put, pat).

Word searches - Use a specific focus for each word search, e.g. high frequency words, nounds, verbs, adjectives, words related to subject/topic.